Chattahoochee River | Georgia’s Physical Features

We are here at Chattahoochee Bend State Park
in the Piedmont region, which is located about 20 miles east of Newnan, in between Columbus
and Atlanta. The Chattahoochee River starts in the Blue
Ridge region of Georgia. It’s actually fed by a cold water spring,
so it just comes out of a really little hole in the mountain, and then it comes down and
by the time it gets to us, we have this big, giant, wide river. But it flows through the Blue Ridge region
and also through the Piedmont region, and goes through the Coastal Plains of Georgia
and eventually empties out into the Gulf of Mexico. During its travel to the Gulf of Mexico, it
forms a border between Alabama and Georgia. The Native Americans, specifically the Creeks,
used this river for resources and fish and food. Then the European settlers, when they came,
they used the river for the same reasons. And then up until the steamboat era, they
actually were using the river between the Gulf of Mexico and to Columbus for trade of
cotton. Anything from Columbus up further north had
to be during a wet and rainy season. Otherwise, during the summer when it’s dried
up, the waterfalls in between were just impassable. Most of the trade was from the Gulf of Mexico
to Columbus, and then Columbus on the way to Atlanta, actually all the way into Gwinnett
County was more the transportation of people. So today the river is used for many different
reasons. Most of it is being used for recreational
use, boating, fishing, stand up paddle boarding, things like that. The river is also used for industrial reasons. We have a power plant across the river that
is by Georgia Power and they actually use the water in forms of thermal cooling. And they pull the water from the river to
actually cool their equipment. We also use the river for agricultural reasons. Farms that will pull the water from the river
and actually give water to their crops in that way. The Chattahoochee River is home to lots of
different plants and animals. One being our resident bald eagle that we
have here at the park. We also have a family of beavers that feed
their stream into the river. Alongside the river, we have animals. We have a family of otters living in the river. Inside the river, we have dozens and dozens
of species of fish, bass, catfish. Down the river, we have trout and turtles. We have sliders and alligator snapping turtles. And then we have different species of snakes. And around here we have the venomous cotton
mouth snake.

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