Desna-Starogutsky National Nature Park | Wikipedia audio article


Desna-Starogutsky National Nature Park (Ukrainian:
Деснянсько-Старогутський національний природний
парк) (also: “Desniansko-Starohutskyi”) covers a middle section of the Desna River
in northeastern Ukraine, representing the variety of wetland and mixed forest landscapes
of the eastern Polesia region.. The park contains two sections, one on the
floodplains of the Desna, the other in the southern region of the Bryansk forest on the
Russian border. The area is relatively clean, ecologically,
being clear of the radiological zone and being in a non-industrial region. The park is in the administrative district
of Seredyna-Buda Raion in Sumy Oblast. A component of the park is a Ramsar wetland
site of international importance “Desna River Floodplains”. It is also component of the Desniaksyi Biosphere
Reserve, designated in 2009 by the UNESCO Man and Biosphere (MAB) Reserve Programme.==Topography==
Desna-Starogutsky sits in the river valley of middle Desna, about 300 km upstream from
where the Desna meets the Dnieper River near Kiev. The terrain in the park was laid down by glacial
deposits of sand and gravel in the last ice age. The flat landscape features rivers and oxbow
lakes of the meandering Desna, and also extensive marshes and swamps. The location is on the eastern edge of the
Polesia region of forest and lowland marshes that reaches from Poland in the west, to the
Central Russian Uplands in the east.==Climate and ecoregion==
The official climate designation for the Desna-Starogutsky area is “Humid continental climate – warm
summer sub-type” (Köppen climate classification Dfb), with large seasonal temperature differentials
and a warm summer (at least four months averaging over 10 °C (50 °F), but no month averaging
over 22 °C (72 °F).==Flora and fauna==
The western section of the park on the Desna (“Pridesniansk “), features relatively pure
water, as the Desna has not been dammed at this point. The area includes wide meadows with tall grasses,
alder swamps, and forest stands of ash, oak, and aspen. The eastern, (“Starogutskaya”), section of
the park includes the southern part of the Bryansk Forest that extends into Russia. The Starogutskaya section is mostly pine forest,
with few stands of broad leaf trees. Typical large mammals are elk, roe deer, wild
swine, squirrel, hare and wolf. In recent years, beavers have reappeared in
the marshy areas. Bird life is noteworthy, with 134 species
recorded as breeding in the park. The aquatic communities include the vulnerable
Sterlet, and the near-threatened Eurasian otter.==Public use==
There are recreational facilities in each of the main sections, with heated cabins available
for rent, boats, fishing, and campsites. Park administration requests checking in with
the visitor center to register and for review of the park’s rules. In the Pridesnaya section there is an educational
ecological trail, “Visnikska Desna”, that works its way through the various habitats
of the Desna floodplain terraces. There is a visitor center with library and
videos, and park scientists sponsor educational programs for local school groups.==See also==
National Parks of Ukraine

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