Giant Tsunami More Than 6 Times Bigger Than Statue Of Liberty


Tsunamis are some of the most feared natural
phenomena in the world, and there’s a good reason why. These large waves of water can wash away and
destroy just about anything in their path, including ships, cities, and people. It can also magnify the death and destruction
of an already existing catastrophic situation. This is because the driving force behind tsunamis
is usually another powerful and potentially destructive phenomenon such as an earthquake
or a volcanic eruption. To make matters worse, there are megatsunamis,
which are huge waves that are created in a landslide involving large amounts of dirt
and other materials falling into a body of water. While typical tsunamis have a wave height
of up to 33 feet (10 meters), megatsunamis have significantly higher wave heights than
can range from hundreds or even thousands of meters. We will discuss ten of the largest and strongest
tsunamis of all time in this episode of The Infographics Show, “The Biggest Tsunamis
Ever.” 10. 2011 Tohoku Tsunami
On March 11, 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake occurred off the east coast of Japan. A Guardian article describes it as the “fourth
most powerful in the history of seismology.” The earthquake was so strong that “it knocked
the Earth six and a half inches off its axis,” so it is not surprising that the tsunami it
created had enormous strength too, reaching a wave height of 131.2 feet (40 m). The tsunami killed 18,000 people and devastated
coastal communities. Live Science describes how “waves overtopped
and destroyed protective tsunami seawalls at several locations” and that the “massive
surge destroyed three-story buildings where people had gathered for safety.” Another potentially dangerous effect of the
tsunami is that it “caused a cooling system failure at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power
Plant, which resulted in a level-7 nuclear meltdown.” Besides physical damage, the tsunami and earthquake
caused great “financial damage” to Japan as well. The World Bank estimates that the “total
economic cost could reach up to $235 billion, . . . making it the costliest natural disaster
in world history.” 9. 1883 Krakatoa Tsunamis
The August 1883 volcanic eruption of Krakatoa in what is now Indonesia created a series
of powerful tsunamis. NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental
Information states that the “largest wave was estimated at 135 feet (41 meters) high.” When the tsunamis ended, not much was left
on the islands near Krakatoa. Vegetation, homes, and people were washed
away by the waves. NOAA estimates that “of the 36,000 people
who died, 34,000 of them lost their lives due to tsunamis.” 8. 1946 Aleutian Islands Tsunami
This tsunami was caused by an 8.6 magnitude earthquake that occurred near Unimak Island,
one of Alaska’s Aleutian Islands. NOAA states that the “waves reached as high
as 42 m or about 138 ft.” The tsunami wiped out a lighthouse on Unimak
Island and killed its five occupants, but there were more casualties. Oddly enough, the tsunami caused more destruction
outside of Alaska than in it. Hawaii was hardest hit. A Live Science article describes how the “Hilo
waterfront was destroyed” and “surges as tall as two- and three-story buildings
pounded several coastal villages.” The tsunami “killed 159 people in Hawaii
and caused $26 million in damage – in 1946 dollars.” 7. 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami earned a spot on our list because of its tragic trinity
of high power, high wave height, and high destruction. This tsunami was caused by the massive Sumatra-Andaman
earthquake, which ranged in magnitude between 9.1 and 9.3. National Geographic estimates that the earthquake
“released the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs,” and this energy created powerful
waves. According to Australian Geographic, the 2004
Indian Ocean Tsunami attained a wave height of almost 164 feet (50 m). It decimated coastal areas and was one of
the deadliest natural events on record. This tsunami killed about 230,000 people,
and Australian Geographic states that it caused an estimated $10 billion in damage. 6. 1771 Great Yaeyama Tsunami
According to NOAA’s National Centers for Environmental Information, an earthquake with
a magnitude of 7.4 shook the Ryukyu Islands in Japan on April 24, 1771. The earthquake did less damage than the tsunami
it produced. One source estimates that the wave height
of the tsunami at one of the Ryukyu Islands, Ishigaki, ranged between 131.2 to 262.5 feet
(40 to 80 meters) high and that the number of dead and missing was 12,000 people. 5. 1792 Mount Unzen Tsunami
Mount Unzen is a group of stratovolcanoes located in southern Japan. On May 21, 1792, the collapse of one of Mount
Unzen’s lava domes caused a landslide that covered the city of Shimabara before crashing
into the Ariaka Sea. According to Popular Science, the 1792 collapse
caused “300-foot-high (91.4 m) waves.” The USGS states that this tsunami traveled
“along the adjacent shorelines of Shimabara Peninsula” and “17-23 km (10.5-14.3 mi.)across
the Ariaka Sea in neighboring provinces.” The USGS calls the 1792 Mount Unzen landslide
and tsunami “Japan’s worst historical volcanic disaster.” A total of 15,000 people died, but one source
estimates that 10,000 out of the 15,000 deaths were due to the tsunami. Australian Geographic states that “the cost
of damages to agriculture and fish facilities was estimated at $17.4 billion yen (roughly
$150 million).” 4. 2017 Greenland Megatsunami
On June 17, 2017, part of the Karrat Fjord in Greenland gave way, causing a large landslide
that cascaded into the ocean. The science journal Nature reports that rocks
and other material fell into the water with such force that they generated a “seismic
signal suggestive of a magnitude-4.1 earthquake” and a megatsunami with a wave height of 328.1
feet (100 m). A Daily Mail article states that the waves
of this megatsunami “far surpassed the height” of those caused by the 2011 tsunami in Japan,
and they even “sent huge icebergs hurtling ashore.” Nature adds that the megatsunami was strong
enough to inundate the small fishing village of Nuugaatsiaq , which is located “on an
island within the fjord about 20 kilometers (12.4 miles) away.” Eleven houses were lost, and “four people
are presumed dead.” While it did not cause a lot of death and
destruction, Nature calls the 2017 Greenland Megatsunami “one of the tallest tsunamis
in recorded history.” 3. Pico do Fogo Megatsunami
Approximately 73,000 years ago, Pico do Fogo, a 9,300-foot (2834.6 km) volcano on one of
the Cape Verde Islands, erupted with such force that part of it collapsed and crashed
into the sea. A BBC article reports that the impact of the
falling debris “created a 240 m (800 ft.) tsunami wave that engulfed Santiago island
34 miles away.” It is highly unlikely human lives were lost
in this megatsunami because the “Cape Verde Islands were uninhabited until the mid-1400s.” Because no human records are available, scientists
reconstructed the effects of the Pico do Fogo Megatsunami on Santiago Island based on geologic
evidence. Some of this evidence indicates that it “inundated
the island up to 900 feet (274.3 m) above sea level” according to a Popular Science
article. Scientist Ricardo Ramalho and his research
team were able to confirm through field work and rock-dating techniques that huge boulders
found on Santiago Island were transported by the tsunami. This was no small feat because these boulders
weighed “up to 770 tonnes (1,697,559.4 lbs.)” according to a Guardian article. Ramalho also speculated that “it is highly
probable that any (or at least most) of the flora and fauna within this zone were completely
wiped out.” 2. 1980 Spirit Lake Megatsunami
When Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980, a collapse of the upper top of the mountain caused a
huge landslide that sent rocks and debris tumbling into nearby Spirit Lake. The landslide displaced water in the lake,
creating a megatsunami that was 820.2 feet (250 m) high. One source states that this wave height was
“over 6 times the height of the devastating tsunami unleashed by the Krakatoa eruption
in 1883.” The damage caused by the megatsunami was limited
to the area close to Spirit Lake. The megatsunami took out nearby trees and
debris and deposited them into the lake. Three people, two amateur volcanologists and
a lodge owner, were known to be near Spirit Lake when Mount St. Helens erupted. Most sources presume they were killed by the
landslide and not the megatsunami. However, what happened to them will probably
never be fully known because their bodies were never recovered. 1. 1958 Lituya Bay Megatsunami
On June 17, 1958, a magnitude 7.8 earthquake triggered seismic activity along the Fairweather
Fault in Alaska. The earthquake caused a landslide. Rocks, dirt, and other materials from slopes
near the fault tumbled into a nearby body of water called Lituya Bay, resulting in a
megatsunami. Geologist Don Miller did an aerial inspection
of the damage. According to the Alaska Earthquake Center,
Miller searched for the trimline, which is the water line that marks the highest point
that the tsunami reached, and found it to be 1,720 feet (524.3 m). Below the trimline, the destruction was described
as “absolute.” Miller saw that “trees and earth had been
stripped away to clean bedrock.” However, the loss of human life and property
was minimal due to the fact that the megatsunami swept through a remote area. Five people died, and a nearby lighthouse,
cabin, and mountaineers’ camp site were swept away without a trace. A Smithsonian article calls the 1958 Lituya
Bay Megatsunami the “tallest tsunami ever documented.” What other tsunamis do you think should be
on this list? Let us know in the comments! Also, be sure to check out our other video
called Biggest Earthquakes Ever! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t
forget to like, share, and subscribe. See you next time!

75 thoughts on “Giant Tsunami More Than 6 Times Bigger Than Statue Of Liberty

  1. What do we learn?
    Height of the tsunami is inversely proportional to the number of victims.

  2. 1755 – Lisbon
    10.000 to 100.000 deaths from earthquake which created fires and a tsunami that wiped a major capital. any reason it's not on the list?

  3. Typo on the 1771 great Yaeyama Tsunami (131.2-262.5 feet) should be 162.5 feet not 262.5 feet. Great video as always though!!! My favorite YouTube channel

  4. You can't say "all time". Our planets existence goes back tens of millions of years. Loooooooooong before our virus of a race existed.

  5. Everyone knows that the meteor that killed the dinosaurs was the biggest tsunami ever

  6. I watched a movie about tsunami's called The Wave, just because i'm a child and lots of people died i may have busted out crying silently into my blanket.

  7. The largest ever tsunami is when I flush my toilet and the water starts rising

  8. Moving the earth 6 inches?pffff please,Shaggy can move the earth 35.6 percent by only using 2. percent of his power!

  9. If the Astrid hit the earth in the ocean then it would have caused a wave the size of Everest

  10. the tsunami from 65 million years ago that killed the majority of land creatures in the area at the time that came from a meteor

  11. .

    Make a friccing town underground.

    Then tsunamis won’t kill you.

    ÚwÙ ?

  12. What's about the tsunami that followed after the meteor that killed the dinosaurs hit the earth?

  13. Japan keeps getting pounded by tsunamis. 1 like = no tsunami for japan

  14. I'm Japanese,but, since I was born, I have rarely experienced eruptions, earthquakes, and of course tsunamis.

  15. Tsunamis are caused when big chungus has a bath and water splashes over the side

  16. I think an honorable mention should go to the meteor that killed the dinosaurs. It's thought that it cause tsunamis around the world at least a mile high!

  17. You forgot an important one.

    The meteorite that killed the dinosaurs created a tsunami that was Miles high

  18. GreenLand: I bet you 10 million pounds everyone atleast had 1 Tsunami

    England: Ok now give me 10 million poinds we didnt have a Tsunami

  19. We’re learning about tsunamis in schools so I was kinda interested so I could get ahead in class.

  20. Poor Japan, I’m glad we live in the UK where we literally have 0 natural disasters. The worst we ever had was an earthquake that knocked over a milk bottle…… terrible.

  21. The Chinxiclub tsunami could have been NUMBER ONE because thats the strongest tsunami ever

  22. What if there was a huge earthquake on a planet entirely covered by water or any similar liquid? What will the wave be like?

  23. The 2004 indian ocean tsunami had so many ignorant people getting killed. Watching the video there were so many kids playing on the coast line as the water was pulling out. You can hear a woman ask “do u think the earthquake may have affected the waves?” As the waves were crashing and coming the man said “no” and u can see tourist and citizens getting swiped away as they were filming the waves coming to shore.

  24. Not landslide, pyroclastic flow. It was a combination of that and a lahar that killed them. The lahar would probably act like a tsunami, but the pyroclastic flow would not cause it.

  25. 2011 tsunami : 18 000 deaths by the wave. 0 deaths by nuclear meltdown, the 2nd worst in our history… and scientifically illiterate press continue to terrorize people with bs about nuclear power

  26. do you know on the 3rd one that they mess up and put 2834.6 KM , it supposed to be 2834M

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