Mississippi River Flooding


Picture this, you’re sitting in your house
all the sudden you look to the door and water is flooding in, you run to grab all of your
belongings as you attempt to evacuate. That’s what the people living along the
Mississippi River felt like during the flood of 2019. The Mississippi river is incredibly long stretching
through 10 states including Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi,
Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana. Floods can be created by weather and human-related
factors. Major weather factors include heavy or prolonged
precipitation, snowmelt, thunderstorms, storm surges from hurricanes and ice or debris jams. Human factors include structural failures
of dams and levees, altered drainage, and land-cover alterations. They’re different types of flood caused
by different things. River flooding occurs when surface water drained
from a watershed into a stream or river exceeds channel capacity, overflows the banks and
inundated adjacent low lying areas. River flooding depends on precipitation as
well as many other factors such as existing soil moisture conditions and snowmelt. The sea level rising also contributes to flooding. This specific flooding was caused by a series
of flood events in tributary basins. The 2019 Mississippi river flood is not the
first flood to occur in Mississippi. The Mississippi river floods fairly frequently. There were several before specifically the
1973 and 1927 floods that greatly impacted the surrounding area. The Mississippi river stretches very far and
wide but in particular to the 2019 flood 8 states along the river were affected. As the climate continues to change it will
only make flooding worse. Early snowmelt had an effect on the flooding
of the river, no doubt caused by climate change. Anthropogenic factors will also cause future
floods and increase longevity because human interaction is causing climate change, heavy
down pour and much more. This was the longest lasting flood from the
Mississippi river since the flood of 1927. The River flooding was extreme. In Iowa the public works department had to
spend over 1 million on fighting floods this spring. The flood caused at least 12 deaths and had
economic losses in excess of 20$ billion. It caused a lot of crop and property loss
as well as infrastructure damages. Shipments were delayed which affected agricultural
commodities. 19.3 million acres of crops went unplanted
that year. The agricultural community took a huge hit
because winter followed right after the flooding This flood also impacted other rivers such
as the Ohio and Missouri rivers which feed into the Mississippi river. 41 percent of the contiguous U.S. and 15 % of
north America drain into the Mississippi river basin so this flood created a lot of turmoil. There were Three major rounds of flooding
between march and September, communities were flooded more than once with no time to clean
up or prepare. People had to evacuate their homes. Hundreds of homes were damaged or destroyed. Before and after the flood communities and
government made efforts to protect the people from flooding. Specifically one tactic used is to open the
Bonnet Carre Spillway which diverts water from the Mississippi river into lake pontchartrain
connected to the gulf of Mexico. They also use levees to try and control the
flooding. They also have the Mississippi river and tributaries
project. It would seem that because the Mississippi
is so long and connects to so many other things that controlling flooding and putting in regulations
is increasingly hard for the army corp engineers. I would assume that based off of the past
people near the river regularly plan for flooding. If you enjoyed this video and would like to learn more about the Mississippi Flooding Visit the sources linked in this video

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