I’m really, really happy today, because I’m going to present you with probably the most joyful topic in aquascaping, at least for me, personally. Because I’m going to present you with a maintenance session of my home tank, of my little nano tank at home. Stay with us! Welcome to the beautiful world of aquascaping! And why do I say that this topic gives me a lot of joy? I’m going to explain to you later! But before we do that, I’m gonna remove these tops of cardboard boxes from here. I’m gonna tell you why I have them on. But before that, let’s switch on the light! [Clap] Oh yeah! I got my green tea, so I’m happy. Let me explain to you, why we need to cover this tank for the morning. Because when we’re having breakfast, all the ambient lighting is on, and also some sunlight comes into the kitchen. I do not want to have any light on the tank, before the plants get the CO2. I know that this is not the best solution, to cover the tank, so I’m actually working on finding more professional solutions. If you have any idea, please comment below. But other than that, plants don’t want to photosynthesize , when there is no CO2 in the tank. Because you’re gonna have problems, you’re gonna have CO2 related algae, even though you have pressurized CO2. Sometimes I just feel bad, because I come to the kitchen to make a tea for us and you know, it’s really dark here in the morning… [Balazs] So you’re afraid, to turn on the lights. Yeah really, I feel that I make something very bad thing, when I turn it up. I didn’t want the aquascaping, to influence your morning routine honey, I’m sorry about that! it’s just too dark and we really need to do something with this! We don’t have any CO2 related algae in here, so it’s fine. Ah, okay. So we don’t have to use it anymore, it means? And I can use the light? Because you know, I love when I see things in the kitchen. Yeah sure, let’s try what’s happening, if we turn on the lights, without covering the tank. If we’re gonna have any CO2 related algae, then we’re gonna know, that it’s because of the ambient lighting in the morning. Not because of me? Yeah we’re gonna see, if it’s because of Dory, right? I’m really proud of designing the tank itself. And also the water change system in a way, that helps me with maintenances. Also guys, some of you have noticed, that I changed the ADA Aquasky G, into this Twinstar light, after setting up the tank, after I brought the tank home. This is an RGB LED light, which means, that it’s gonna give you a very nice warm tint and it’s gonna accentuate the color of the rocks. I’m so looking forward to the Aquasky RGB, that is really coming soon. And you’re gonna have an ADA workshop with Araki san from ADA, in a couple of weeks. And he’s going to introduce us with the Aquasky RGB, so maybe that light is the new generation light, that everybody was looking for in the small tank section. I brought in a Siamese algae eater, to help me with the eventual Staghorn algae, thread algae, or any other CO2 related hair algae. Fortunately I didn’t have any, so this guy doesn’t have anything to eat at the moment, so I’m gonna bring it back to Green Aqua. Okay, I got it! You’ve been caught! So I’m gonna give this to Seby and I’m gonna show you guys, what my water change system looks like. Come with me! I’ve got a barrel, a big barrel of 50 liters, or 13 gallons here, which is full with reverse osmosis water. Reverse osmosis water, for those of you, who do not know what that is, is a kind of soft water. So no Calcium, no Magnesium. The first prefilter is taking out all the debris, which comes in the tap water. This is the second pre-filter. It’s getting rid of the Chlorine in the tap water as well. And then there’s a membrane, which, if you take care of it, it’s gonna last for one or two years for you. And how do we take care of it? The membrane itself should be actually cleaned by rinsing it, before you start producing the RO water, and after you finished producing the RO water, by opening this tap, which is at the top of it. So right now the tap is in open position. That means that the surface of the membrane will be rinsed and it’s gonna be cleaned by the water. You have to open the tap, and then you have to change that lever into the close position, which will stop the water from going into the sink And will let the water go into your Reverse Osmosis system. What you can hear behind me is already the bad water being rinsed from the membrane, coming through the red hose. The good water has already started dripping. And when I close this tap here, after a while, you can see, you can see that this has already started to flow. Probably it’s two thirds, it’s one third. Or one half, one half. 50%, 50%, depending on the condition of your membrane there. After I finished producing the water and the barrel is full, what I do is I just close this and you can hear, that the bad water already started to be coming more violently. So the membrane is being washed. And after I’m done, I’m just gonna close the tap, and I’m finished! You don’t need electricity, you don’t need anything! This whole Reverse Osmosis system will need cold water to operate, so do not put any warm water into the system. Let me talk about, how the water change system, the barrel itself is mounted. First of all, I’ve got the pressure side. This is the actual reverse osmosis water hose, that comes out of the barrel itself. There is a submersible pump here. I’m gonna switch on the pump. All I have to do is to bring this hose to the tank. I have to open this tap here. And the water starts flowing! This is the drainage hose. So I’m gonna clean the tank with this. There are two taps on both sides , enabling me to have it full with water, so when I’m gonna put it in the tank, and I’m gonna open the tap, the gravity will take this whole thing out and will drain the tank. I have an overflow. The barrel itself has been drilled and I have like a thru-hole here. And who’s doing the maintenance? It’s you! [Balazs] Oh, really? But I… usually I feed the fish. [Balazs] Okay! [Dory] I really like that now it’s very clear. [Balazs] No algae! Actually I see some algae! That’s the suction side, because I didn’t clean the pipes. I wanted to leave them dirty, cause I want the viewers to see, how I clean them today. How long do you think, that the maintenance takes for me? It was only 10 or 15 minutes. But it’s always like… I don’t know, it’s always at around at 11 or at midnight. And it usually happens like: “Oh, I still have to maintain this aquarium!” So I’ll start working now! [Dory] Okay, good luck! Thank you! Okay, so I’m gonna start by taking the pressure side hose into the kitchen. And I’m gonna continue by taking the suction side hose. And then, here is the suction side hose and I can start draining the tank. But before I do that, I’m gonna take the algae scraper. I’m gonna clean the glass really quickly. I’m gonna stop the filter first. As I said, there is no algae on it. But there is some organic residue. There’s no circulation of water, whatsoever in the tank. I can just take this suction side hose. Remember the other tap on the other side, in the toilet is open. I’m just gonna stuck this in. Open the tap! And I’m just gonna gently move the hose itself, above the substrate, cleaning everything, that I see, taking out all the debris, all the floating organic things, that were stirred up by the movements of my hand. So I close the tap, I take that out . All I’m gonna do is just open this tap And the water started flowing in. It’s gonna fill up the tank in about a minute. So don’t let it go, because you’re gonna flood the kitchen! When you don’t hear the sound of the lily pipe, you’re in trouble. That’s when you’re gonna flood the kitchen, so… No sound is bad, in the aquarium hobby. When you can still hear the sound of the… Woah, look at that! It happens really quickly! But I stopped it. This was the quick maintenance session. This whole thing should not take more than 10 minutes. Probably, regardless of your tank, – because if you have a bigger tank, you should just get a bigger water pump. And you can change the water from there quite nicely. So let’s start doing the big water change the big maintenance now! [Dory] There is a plant, that has a flower. [Balazs] That’s the Bucephalandra. I don’t like that plant at all! No, I don’t like it either! Let’s start with removing the Bucephalandra, Dory’s “not-favorite” plant. Let’s take the wave type scissors! Let’s start trimming the background Eleocharis acicularis ‘mini’. I’m just trimming the overhanging part of it. I really like the uniform lines in the tank. I forgot to stop the filter. So I just did that. I’m gonna start trimming the Monte Carlo. Trimming it at an angle, as you can see, because towards the side glass, I want it to be smaller. It’s quite satisfying, isn’t it? This is also very high here. I’m trying to take out the Monte Carlo from the sand. I want to keep the background visible, nice and clean. I see some residues of glue, on that rock there. And I’m gonna use the ADA Pro picker, to get rid of that. Some of you guys have asked me, what do I use on the left side of the tank, there, in the background. And that is the ADA Vuppa, it’s a surface skimmer, it looks very good. Okay, so cleaning the rocks is really easy, if you have an electric toothbrush. I always start at the further end of the tank, because if the water gets cloudy, you will not be able to see anything through. As I told you, this tank is only six weeks old. So in about a month or so, all traces of algae should be gone. I’m really happy, that I glued these rocks during the setup process. So I strongly advise you to have a sturdy, very stable hardscape, because it’s much, much easier to maintain in the long run. These are the dentist sounds. Don’t show me from that angle! Are you craaazy? This is a longer maintenance session. It takes about an hour to complete. I’ve got some green algae on the tank. I used to have a little bit, just a little bit of black brush algae. And it was growing on the top rocks and near the surface, where the waterflow was stronger. So what I did, is I removed the water until probably half and then I took some Seachem Excel and I sprayed it, just dripped it on the top of the rocks. And then, everything has disappeared. So what I’m doing now, is I’m pushing the water in, while pulling it out on the other side. And this is a very good thing to do, because you can clean the tank completely with that. And you can do a big water change and just wash your tank through with that. I would not advise you to do this too many times, because you will disturb the biological equilibrium in the tank. We need to clean the lily pipes now. I have two kinds of brushes, to help me clean the hoses and the lily pipes. ADA Spring Washer, which is a great little tool. This brush comes from Eheim. And it’s good to clean the long hoses. So I’m just gonna push it in a bit, all the way. You can see that it already cleaned it. It’s stuck! Okay, the last centimeters! Woah! Okay, ready. There’s the diffuser, the CO2 diffuser. And I had to bleach that, we have this solution for that. ADA Superge. Good thing about the kitchen tank is, that you have the tank close to the tap. All I have to take care of, is the bubble counter solution. I don’t want that to be spilt. I’m trying to keep it in a vertical position. I’m gonna leave this whole thing there, for about five minutes. Algae has started to get yellow very-very fast here. This thing works. This has a lot of Chlorine. It’s very dangerous, so you really, really need to rinse it. And I’m gonna clean the sink now. Dory’s gonna be happy! “Oh, honey, did you clean the sink?” There are no real bacterial colony living in these sponges, so you shouldn’t be afraid of the Chlorine. I think we’re ready! [Dory] It’s really good, relaxing to watch the fish and the shrimp, how they are searching for food, or I don’t know what they are doing, but it’s really lovely, to see that. I’ve got a present for you! Oh wow, the shrimp! Oh and the yellow ones! I always wanted yellow ones! Cool! Alright, there’s only one thing left to be done, it’s to introduce these little shrimp. The orange Sakura shrimp into the tank. I’m gonna turn this with the hose towards the bottom, so that the water gets in. And I will leave that on, for about two or three hours now. Anyways, thanks for staying here with us! I know, that there is not a big difference between the end result and the initial state of the tank. I did not want to do a big rescaping session here, I just wanted to show you, how two different types of maintenances look like. We’ll see you next week! Please hit that like button, if you like this video! Subscribe to the Green Aqua channel, if you didn’t do so yet! Hit that bell button, if you want to get notified of our future uploads! Until next week! Goodbye!


  1. awesome video as always balazs .. i would recommend you to use 2 small projection screens hanging them on the roof above your aquarium and scroll them down when you dont want any light from outside your aquarium

  2. The tank is amazing. You are very smart you made it your wife s tank, that way you are more appreciated doing all the work a very nice aquarium requires. The way you immediately agree with the Buce being ugly( smart thinking, I'm learning a lot again) and take it out instantly,well done. Lol. Much appreciated to see you take it the profi way at home, makes the hobby more real and accessible. Thanks Balazs

  3. OMG !!! Oral-B for stones !!! I guess there will be a stone toothpaste soon from ADA :o))) Now I finally see I have to make something with my maintenance procedures to put it on higher level. BTW, great video again !!!

  4. BTW2 – aquascaping is very nice thing and inspiring. But what about of aquascaping more oriented on needs of various kinds of fish species ?? More close to their environment I mean, you do aquascaping and the fish is not important in this proces ??, but there is definitely difference if you finally put Neon Tetras or Discus into the tank. Then we have tanks for example with Angelfish floating among the Alp mountains. But maybe this is not aquascaping goal. I dont know, but such an aquascape video season would be nice to watch.

  5. Thanks for your tips and tricks, two questions, Tds 120 at which gh does it match? How often water should be changed?

  6. Hi, love to tank and the video. It's any chance to show hot to set up RO filter at home ? It will be so great to know that.

  7. Remek kis tutorial mint mindig elvezem ezeket ,nezni mast mint csinalja a kerteszkedest tiszta nyugtato :D,kerdes mit hasznalsz a kiszivo slag on hogy inditsd el a szivas folyamatot ??

  8. The percent of good water vs bad water depends on the water that comes from your tap. My father has extremely hard water with a ph in the upper 8’s, so he only gets 25% water to 75% waste.

  9. I asked my wife to keep the curtains closed till we come home, and every day she said: oogh realy?, I forgot….

  10. Love it like always /// Best way for co2 is constant injection, not only during light. Sadly, discontinous injection (only during light) has stablished as standard, but for wrong reasons (several people belives that plants makes photosinthesys during light and respiration during night like alternate proccess! , and , biologycal speaking, that is simply not true! and, in other hand, produces unnatural ph fluctuations and seems nobody cares about that because the aquariums "tolerates" the ph fluctuations, but obviously is not good) . With co2 constant there is no ph fluctuations, is more normal and natural, if water circulation and co2 injection are OK, both gases co2 and o2 get equilibrium without toxic levels. Really, There is no nothing special about co2 during night. With correct circulation and water movement there is no toxic acumulation because happens normal and desirable co2 disipation and in the same time there is no problem with oxygen because his levels depending much more of the mechanical factor of movement and surface contact with air than the plant o2 releases (during hill's reaction of photosintesis). So, best profesional way is co2 constant 24/7 and dont care about ambiental light.
    /// The electric oral B brush was an excelent tip !!!
    Saludos from Chile!

  11. I think this system will fit very well for you "Self-adhesive PDLC Film" you can find it in any online store here is a link for it …. it is kind a cheap

  12. My tank after water change tds around 240 but after a week and with fertilizer it goes up to almost 300. Anyway to lower it down more without affecting caradina and neocaradina shrimp? Tq

  13. Love the tank! The detailing for such a small tank is amazing! Great job and thanks for the tutorial!

  14. Hello.
    Looks really nice.
    I think i must rescape my 60p.
    Ty for showing us our kitchen tank again

  15. What level of Ph is needed for keeping Shrimp healthy? And do i need any external filtration ?

  16. A lined black cloth will cover nicely. And the light will keep it drapped properly. I have one, works great. Mine happens to be black canvas lined with black out cloth.

  17. If you have access to a Kinetico K5 RO where you are, I’d definitely recommend it. I think it would be much simpler to use and the Membrane lasts 10 years and is under warranty during that period of time. 🙂

  18. I loved this and OMG i'm so jealous of that tank. This is a hobby i've only started in and have two tanks right now. A bit larger than what you have. One has been going for about month and a half, and only have one filter but yet the plants keep growing beautifully. The other has been for a few weeks, and has been showing signs of green algae. My Amano's can't seem to clean it off for some reason, but the weekly water changes have helped. But thank you for this, and damn that system you have in the basement LOL That's intense. nicely done.

  19. So, that water – changing contraption is now a standard fixture in your kitchen and bathroom?

  20. Thank you so much for inviting us all over to your home again to see how you care for your own nano setup!

    I love the pre-filled drainage hose with the double taps. So much simpler to use than a siphon hose with hand pump.

    I also have the same 45-P and Twinstar light setup and am looking forward to any and all future adventures you have with your home setup! Assuming we’re all invited over again later. 🙂

  21. you say you use cold RO water. do you add the water cold to the tank or do you first heat it up in the barrel?

  22. Can too much co2 cause algae? I've got a big problem with blackbeard algae but my co2 is controlled by Ph. So it automatically switched on/off. My co2 indication is alway green/limegreen.
    Ph 6,5, Kh 5, Nitrite 0 mg/l and nitrate is about 25mg/l, PO4 is almost zero.

  23. Even my wife always ask for yellow coloured fishes 😂😂 Can u pls give me few examples of such fresh water fishes

  24. Electric toothbrush… brilliant. I have one of those and never thought about using it for my tank!

  25. Hello from indonesia happy guy 😁 . Tell me how to keep rocks clean? I know i can use sponge or toothpaste and clean everyday . But your rocks look clean everytime like new setup 😍

  26. Iam takings out the water in my planted tank but the soil also coming with the dirt what is the solution to clean

  27. Beautiful tank, great video. I'm kind on the same situation with my tank location, is on the dinner room so there is light all day. I use a black plastic individual tablecloth on the front on the aquarium when the lights are off. Let us know how you will resolve it.

  28. What I want to say is no need to cover your tank with anything, unless the light is too intense or direct sunlight. I have 3 tank no algae issue I dont cover them in my room. At the morning there is no direct sun light but it have enough light that I can see every corner of my tank and live stock as well.So I want to suggest that try it with out any cover for few weeks and if you are not happy with the result then cover it again, but I dont enjoy a covered home aquarium atleast and that is what I can suggest.

  29. Thank you for this super interesting Video!! As I‘m pretty new in this aquascape video watching Business 🙂 (.. I used a lot of time the past two days to reshape my two years untouched (!!!) 300something Aquarium plus Filter 😅). I wonder why you never use Vallisneria in your scapes? Cheers 🙂

  30. Thank you for this!
    When you syphoon dirt over carpet how can you be sure you don't suck out baby shrimps (when you have them)?
    I use a net at the outlet; no matter how careful I found half a dosen baby shrimp in there…


  31. Keep curtains/ blinds closed from the direct light in the morning (assuming it’s as simple as that) I have the same problem 😉

  32. You could use the same style as a sushi roller to cover atleast the sides of the tank almost like a bread basket rolling door 🙂

  33. What you can do is taking some plaks of wood and paint them in a beautifull color. Also you can joint it whit the form of the aquarium

  34. I am in love with this tank. Where would I go to get information on what I would need to build a similar tank but 15-20 gallons? I have the perfect space next to my desk at my office.

  35. When you turn on the pump, and the valve on the tube is still closed, doesn't it stress the pump?

  36. Hi Guys,

    Many thanks for the video again, I always learn some new tricks from you (like using electric toothbrush :)):
    I have two questions:
    1.) I bought the same GA RO system last November, but it came with a very different tap to this one. The tap I have is a real pain, it has a "push button" which comes off every now and then, you also need to twist&tweak it so that it works. Your tap seems to work a lot better than this. Is there a possibility to get one and replace it in my RO system? Apart from this I love this RO system, it is working fine, but I hate that tap. 🙂

    2.) In the video you used Superge to clean the glass inflow – that's the absolute 100% solution to the algae on the intake, but usually I am lazy to fiddle around with the ADA chemicals 🙂 so I rather use ADA pipe brush. Unfortunately it is providing only a 90% solution as it is not cleaning the very end tip of the glass inflow, the shaping of the brush does not allow this. Do you know if there is a 'better' brush for this purpose, which can clean entirely?
    For glass ouflows, however, ADA brush is just perfect, love it! 🙂

  37. Extremely useful information learnt here and your RO System is an excellent idea.

  38. Isn't it stressful for thr fish and shrimp to just put in RO water first then salt it up? Wouldn't it be like an osmotic shock for them? Wouldn't it be better if we adjust the TDS then add the water?

  39. Get a "light blocking" curtain from the store and just cover the whole tank. That's what I do, it works great and you can clean it in the washer.

  40. I have used sewing machine covers for small tanks before, you could try to find one that fits your tank. Very nice home aquarium

  41. How were you able to grow such a dense carpet so fast?! Must be magician or you used a lot of cups of MC.

  42. Balazs, ever thought about expanding to the US??? Or at least shipping products to the US? Love the channel and keep it coming!

  43. I have a feeling that your tank would be ok with ambient light.also it good to see people from an other country other than American, canada, uk or Japan. I would like you to feature more local aquascapers from your home country and thanks for speaking English

  44. Green tea & aquascaping in home, man i love this hobby. Thank you for share with us.

  45. when i change tap water to RO all my little problems with algae just gone in Nano Tank ofcourse and i have more control at my tank.

  46. No like it bucephalandra?????? Noooooooo!! 😭😭
    I very like it.. Tell her balazs, buce is most beautiful aquatic plant 😭💋

  47. Love this tank! why wont you set the CO2 to turn on earlier so your plants will photosynthesize by the time the day light hits your kitchen!

  48. Small n nice, thank you for sharing the behind the scenes (your cleaning process n those piping lol), love the conversation with your wife. She so thoughtful.

  49. Do a L shape black acrylic or black cupboard with one stationary kind of mini clip (clip on tank)

  50. The eheim double tap connectors can be closed off while the water pump is still running?

  51. How did I never think to use an electric circle tooth brush to clean algae on stones!!!!

  52. quick question about remineralizing water. i do it with salty shrimp gh/kh++ for my neocaridinia tank. i like using purified clean water for tanks versus my dirty tap water for which my past aquariums had issues. but does salty shrimp gh/kh++ work for fish tanks too? do i remineralize to the same tds? thx

  53. what isnyour tap water TDS and how much TDS you are getting after RO. I have never seen such a simple RO in India we use a lots of thing which includes a electric RO pump, RO membrane, sediment membrane to get the RO water.

  54. Most nyit a föncim egy elit bútorboltot… mutattam neki hogy ilyen tankok kellenének az elit cuccához a boltba! Felcsillant a szeme még mondogatnom kell neki azthiszem… de szerintem itt jobban vinnék az aqváriomokat mind a hülye bútorait 😉

  55. love the tank and everything you guys are doing at greenaqua! totally inspiration and mark I'm trying to achieve as I'm still new to the hobby. an idea on keeping the light out – maybe a black ridged mesh cut the same dimensions as the top and attach/hang black fabric from the top edges of the rectangle to form a cube – similar idea to how they cover bird cages at night. Anyways – keep up the amazing work and I look forward to whats next. best.

  56. The professionalism you bring to this hobby is astounding. The hobby can't afford to lose you, my friend.

  57. How are you preparing your ro water? Which salt do you use and which tds are you achiving?

  58. Such a great tank. I want to know how do you keep the plants that great because I started a new tank 2 weeks ago, but the plants are getting rotten.

  59. The electric toothbrush idea is brilliant! I'm going to start using this in my tank!

  60. I appreciate the detailed walk through of your setup and maintenance routine. For beginners this is ideal. Your wife seems like a very nice person, you must make sure you clean the sink and keep her favorite fish in the tank for her : ) as they say happy wife happy life.. I accidental left a water bottle full of water from my reef tank that I was taking to the local store to get tested on the dining room table. She drank some. Lets just say i am lucky to be sitting here with two hands typing this message HAHAHA

  61. Balazs – Maintenance: the most joyful part of this hobby
    Me – Maintenance: my most feared part of this hobby that usually ends with me destroying the whole setup….

  62. Thanks for sharing, it was really instructive. So if I understand correctly you do the small maintenance every 2-3 days, and large maintenance how often, every month and a half or so? Will this change as the tank becomes older?

  63. Really useful tips in this video, plus it's full of fun and life. Love it! Just one question: are the neocaridinas ok in a water at 120ppm? It's perfect for the Caridinas but I'd think it rather low for the neocaridinas.

  64. Beautiful tank!!! I was going to ask about an update on this tank so, thanks for doing it!!

  65. where could i get a suction hose like you have to drain the tank? would make cleaning the tank very easy

  66. Szép lett,jó az összkép! 😊 Tetszik a megkövesedet fa kő… igaz én már fél éve arra várok,hogy legyen nálatok Manten kő 😒 ,ha továbbra sem lesz akkor ezzel fogom újragondolni az aksimat. 👍

  67. Hi mate, just a quick question about TDS. In one of your videos; you suggest that 120ppm is a good level of TDS.

    I want to ask what should I do after a couple of large water changes? I had an algae breakout, I think my lights were too intense, so I’ve slightly reduced the intensity and lighting period. But after two large water changes, should I dose up to 120ppm TDS?

    My tap water is about 25ppm TDS

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *