The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross | The Cotton Economy and Slavery, Episode 2 | PBS

what made cotton so desirable a perfect storm in the 1790s America’s oldest crops like Tobacco were depleting Farmland and dropping in value At the same time the textile industry in Great Britain was exploding creating enormous international demand for cotton clothing Eli Whitney’s gin merely provided the motor for a global economic machine and Slavery was its fuel Everybody was getting a piece of it all these northern bankers and marketing people folks who owned the ships that transported the cotton Everybody was getting a piece of the pie Cotton UtTerly Transformed the United States making Fertile land from Georgia to Texas extraordinarily valuable The fact that native Americans lived on these lands was a temporary inconvenience solved by a policy of Indian removal the massive replacement of native populations with slave plantations It’s a part of our troubled history that can still be seen from the air If we were flying over this prior to European settlement. We would have seen large fields of corn and beans trees and squash When the first English began moving in here they began chopping down the trees and expanding the fields available for cotton the Enormous profitability of Cotton undermined the principles of the American revolution and forever altered black life The more money the Planters made from growing Cotton the more cotton the planners wanted to grow and that took more slaves Slaves in the upper South became incredibly more valuable as commodities Because of this demand for them in the deep south they were sold off in droves and that created a second middle passage and In many ways the second middle passage was just as devastating as the first To feed king cotton more than a million african-Americans were carried off into the deep south That’s two and a half times the number that were brought to the United States from Africa It was the largest forced migration in American history

16 thoughts on “The African Americans: Many Rivers to Cross | The Cotton Economy and Slavery, Episode 2 | PBS

  1. Why not do a documentary on the effects islamic slavery had on Africans?, it was 10 times worse than what happened in the US.

  2. really? Are you sure or are you speaking from an ignorant historical prespective?

  3. Because you ARE speaking from a ignorant historical prespective. Islam, in it's entire history, has never encouraged slavery (rather encouraged the freedom of slaves).
    So you might be speaking of "African slavery on Africans" or "Arab slavery of africans"
    Both of which were nothing like the US.

  4. Africans never offered themselves as slaves. They were prisoners of war. Africa just like the Americas were made up of tribes. The Africans and the Native Americans did not prepare themselves for large armies invading them. Yes, the Europeans had superior weapons. But if the Africans and the Native Americans were united and prepared, they would have defeated the Europeans.

  5. We are not African Americans just because we spent some time there after fleeing Roman persecution from from our homeland Jerusalem Israel according to the scriptures

  6. Revelation 13:10
    He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the saints.

  7. I have heard many people say that this country was built through slavery. I don't agree with that statement. The south may have been built through slavery but without a doubt it was utterly destroyed because of it. Any gains that the south attained were lost three fold in the civil war. Collectively, north and south, this country suffered from slavery. The only ones to benefit from slavery are the more recent descendants of slaves. And only now is this country benefiting from those descendants who have become patriotic and productive members of this nation.

  8. umm is there mention about how the northern states, who did not free their slaves, but sold them to those in the south?

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