The Red River – Texas Parks and Wildlife [Official]


(wind blowing, water flowing)>>DON’T EVER UNDERESTIMATE RED RIVER. YOU CAN’T TELL WHAT IT’S GONNA DO. YOU CAN’T PREDICT WHAT RED RIVER’S GONNA DO. WHATEVER THE LORD DECIDES TO DO WITH IT IS WHAT IT’S GONNA DO. (music)>>ALONG THE NORTHERN EDGE OF TEXAS, THERE IS A FORCE WHICH CONSTANTLY REDEFINES THE STATE’S BOUNDARY. WE’LL TRAVEL DOWN THIS RIVER TO SEE HOW IT HAS SHAPED THE LAND, THE TOWNS, AND PEOPLE’S LIVES ALONG THE WAY. THE RED RIVER DEVELOPS FROM A COLLECTION OF SMALL CREEKS AT THE EASTERN EDGE OF NEW MEXICO. THE CREEKS GATHER IN THE CANYONLANDS OF THE TEXAS PANHANDLE. IT IS HERE THAT THE PRAIRIE DOG TOWN FORK OF THE RED RIVER BEGINS. (sound of raindrops)>>IN PALO DURO CANYON, MELTING SNOW AND RAINFALL CARRY SEDIMENT TO THE RIVER ADDING NATURAL SALTS AND RED CLAY PARTICLES TO THE WATER. TRIBUTARIES LIKE THE LITTLE RED, WHICH RUNS OUT OF CAPROCK CANYONS, ALSO SUPPORT THE PRAIRIE DOG TOWN FORK. BUT HERE, DRY SPELLS CAN TURN THE RIVER BED WHITE FROM GYPSUM AND OTHER MINERAL DEPOSITS FOUND IN THE WATER. AT THE HARDEMAN COUNTY LINE, THE PRAIRIE DOG TOWN FORK TAKES THE SOLE NAME OF RED RIVER AND SEPARATES TEXAS FROM OKLAHOMA. OUR JOURNEY DOWN THE RED BEGINS IN QUANAH. (sound of passing cars,
horn honks)>>AS THE SEAT OF HARDEMAN COUNTY, THE TOWN WAS NAMED AFTER QUANAH PARKER, THE LAST GREAT COMANCHE CHIEF. AN AREA ONCE ROAMED BY THE KIOWA AND COMANCHE INDIANS, ROLLING PLAINS AND SANDY LOAM SOILS MADE FARMING AND RANCHING BIG BUSINESS HERE.>>AT ONE TIME THERE WERE LIKE 10 DIFFERENT OIL COMPANIES IN HERE THAT HAD OFFICES. EVERYTHING WAS ON A BOOM, WHEN THE BOTTOM FELL OUT ON THE OIL PRICE AND EVERYTHING WELL THEY JUST MOVED OUT. AND THEN IT REALLY DID, IT HURT EVERYTHING DOWNTOWN AND IT HURT OUR COMMUNITY WHEN THE OIL INDUSTRY WENT DOWN, BUT IT’S PICKED BACK.>>TRAVELING DOWNSTREAM PAST THE CITY OF WICHITA FALLS, WE ENTER MONTAGUE COUNTY, AT THE SITE OF RED RIVER STATION AND THE TOWN OF SPANISH FORT. (music)>>IT WAS NEAR THIS MARKER THAT COWBOYS HERDED THOUSANDS OF CATTLE ACROSS THE RED RIVER ON THE HISTORIC CHISOLM TRAIL. FOR DRIVES HEADING NORTH, RED RIVER STATION WAS THEIR LAST CHANCE FOR SUPPLIES BEFORE REACHING ABILENE, KANSAS. WHEN THE RIVER WAS UP, SOME CATTLE DRIVES WOULD CAMP HERE FOR SEVERAL DAYS, WAITING FOR THE WATER TO SUBSIDE. LESS PATIENT DRIVERS USUALLY LOST CATTLE, AND SOMETIMES THEIR OWN LIVES TO THE SWIFT CURRENT.>>OF COURSE I LIKE THE RED RIVER CAUSE I FISH IN IT ALL THE TIME. BUT THE RED RIVER HAS, IT’S HAD A GREAT IMPACT, IT’S SOME OF THE MOST FERTILE LAND IN TEXAS IS ALONG THE RED RIVER.>>THE TOWN OF SPANISH FORT WAS SO NAMED IN 1854 WHEN PIONEERS THOUGHT THEY FOUND RUINS OF A SPANISH PRESIDIO HERE. BUT IT WAS ACTUALLY THE SITE OF A TAOVAYAN INDIAN VILLAGE. THE TAOVAYAS WERE INDUSTRIOUS PEOPLE. LIVING IN GRASS HUTS, THEY FARMED IN FENCED AREAS AND STORED THEIR CROPS. BUT THEIR VILLAGE ON THE RED RIVER MADE HISTORY IN 1759. WITH THE AID OF FRENCH GUNS AND AMMUNITION, THE TAOVAYAS DEFEATED A SPANISH ARMY COLUMN SENT TO SEEK REVENGE FOR AN INDIAN RAID ON THE SAN SABA MISSION. SOME SAY THIS VERY BATTLE STOPPED THE SPANIARDS NORTHERN MIGRATION.>>CONTINUING DOWN THE RED, OUR JOURNEY BRINGS US TO LAKE TEXOMA AND DENISON DAM.>>THE LAKE HAD TWO MAJOR PROJECT PURPOSES. FLOOD CONTROL AND HYDRO-POWER PRODUCTION, AND TO THOSE ENDS THEY’VE MET THEIR OBJECTIVES, THEY HAVE INDEED CONTROLLED FLOODING AND PRODUCES A LOT OF HYDROPOWER, SO, IT’S DOING THAT. AND RECREATION, MY GOSH, JUST FISHING ALONE HERE ON TEXOMA, THE DIRECT INCOME IS ABOUT 25 MILLION DOLLARS A YEAR. THAT’S JUST FROM FISHING. SO IT’S AN IMPORTANT RESOURCE RIGHT HERE. (crow calling)>>ELEVEN MILES DOWNSTREAM FROM DENISON DAM, THE RED RIVER FLOWS UNDER A ONE LANE BRIDGE AT CARPENTER’S BLUFF.>>THERE’S ALWAYS BEEN A CONTROVERSY AS TO WHETHER THE RIVER RUNS EAST OR WEST, AS FAR AS I’M CONCERNED, AND I’M 67 YEARS OLD AND STILL DON’T KNOW WHETHER IT RUNS EAST OR WEST AND I WAS BORN DOWN THERE. BUT I HAVE SEEN THE WATER COME UP TO THE BOTTOM OF THE BRIDGE. MANY TIMES, MANY TIMES I’VE SEEN THAT.>>CONSTRUCTED IN 1908 AS A RAILROAD BRIDGE, IT ALSO ALLOWED HORSE-DRAWN VEHICLES TO CROSS. THE BRIDGE GAVE COMMUNITIES EASIER ACCESS TO MARKETS WHEN FERRY BOATS WERE THE ONLY OTHER CROSSINGS NEARBY. (car sounds)>>IF IT WASN’T FOR THE BRIDGE, AND IF IT WASN’T FOR THE DENISON DAM, THIS PART OF EAST GRAYSON COUNTY WOULD JUST BE ISOLATED FROM EVERYTHING OVER IN THE SOUTHEASTERN PART OF OKLAHOMA. (truck passes)>>OUR LAST STOP ALONG THE RED LIES 35 MILES NORTHEAST OF PARIS. JOINED BY THE KIAMICHI RIVER FROM OKLAHOMA, THE RED MAKES A BEND, AT HISTORIC JONESBORO. THE ORIGINAL “GATEWAY TO TEXAS.”>>OH THERE’S A LOT OF HISTORY HERE. THEY SAY DAVY CROCKETT AND SAM HOUSTON CROSSED THE RIVER IN THIS AREA.>>ELIZABETH POOL NOW LIVES ON THE SITE ONCE KNOWN AS JONESBORO. A TOWN THAT BEGAN ITS DEVELOPMENT IN 1814 AND WAS ONE OF THE FIRST ANGLO-AMERICAN SETTLEMENTS IN TEXAS.>>THERE WAS A COURTHOUSE, A HOTEL, A JAIL, AND THREE STORES, GENERAL STORES UP THERE AT THAT TIME. WELL THAT RIVER IS UP ISN’T IT? AND LOOK AT THOSE CRACKS. THAT’S GONNA GO.>>THE RED’S CHANGING COURSE AND THE ECONOMY MADE JONESBORO A GHOST TOWN BY THE MID 1800’S. TODAY THE RIVER CONTINUES TO REDEFINE ITS PATH. OVER THE YEARS MS. POOL HAS SEEN HER PROPERTY GRADUALLY DISAPPEAR.>>I GUESS THE LORD TAKETH, THE LORD GIVETH. (music)>>THE RED RIVER STILL SHAPES THE LAND AND LIFE ALONG ITS BANKS, AS IT HAS FOR CENTURIES. ITS COURSE HAS BEEN ALTERED BY MAN, BUT IT LARGELY REMAINS UNCONTROLLED. AND SO IT IS THAT THIS RIVER ON THE BORDER ROLLS ON. (sound of lapping water)

3 thoughts on “The Red River – Texas Parks and Wildlife [Official]

  1. Rivers have always fascinated me ever since I saw a movie in the 8th grade called "Down the Mississippi." It was a movie about a kid that let a plastic or wooden boat go downstream from the source in Minnesota. The boat (supposedly) made it to the Gulf of Mexico, and received help along the way from people who found it.

  2. Very interesting. I never knew when I was in Palo Duro Canyon and I would see the trickling river that that was the Red River. Keep up the good videos

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