What Happens Inside a Tornado? | Unveiled

Tornadoes occur frequently and globally, appearing
in every continent except for Antarctica. They appear most frequently in the United
States, where over 1,200 are reported annually, causing an average of 80 deaths each year;
their commonality doesn’t make them any less fatal. But is it possible to survive in the eye of
these storms? This is Unveiled, and today we’re answering
the extraordinary question; what if you’re trapped inside a tornado? Are you a fiend for facts? Are you constantly curious? Then why not subscribe to Unveiled for more
clips like this one? And ring the bell for more fascinating content! Forming mostly from cumulonimbus clouds (or
thunderclouds), tornadoes are violent funnels of air that make contact with the ground. Three-quarters of all tornadoes in the world
touch down in the United States, with the majority appearing in “Tornado Alley”,
though this area has never been formally defined. Despite this, the deadliest tornado in world
history didn’t happen in North America, but in Bangladesh. The 1989 Daulatpur-Saturia Tornado killed
roughly 1,300 people. The deadliest American tornado was the 1925
Tri-State Tornado that tore through Missouri, Illinois and Indiana, killing 695 people. The wind speeds of the most extreme tornadoes
exceed 300 miles per hour. Compared to many natural disasters, tornadoes
are wildly unpredictable, and many can form at once – sometimes for days on end. This is significantly less time than the weeks
or months of activity that often precede volcanic eruptions, for instance, allowing time for
evacuations. In tornado hotspots, people need to be prepared
with a fully stocked storm shelter or basement capable of withstanding the winds because
there often won’t be time to get away. Their movement can be incredibly erratic,
making it difficult to predict their path. If you were caught in a storm, and weren’t
able to make it to a shelter, one of the best things you could do would be to lie down flat
on the floor to try to avoid flying debris swirling around the tornado; it’s this debris
that presents the most danger, and causes the most death and destruction. Lying down will also reduce the chances of
you becoming part of this debris, because it makes it harder for the wind to lift you
up. Not that this is foolproof; as said, there
are still dozens of tornado deaths in the US each year, and sometimes the wind gets
so strong it can break up and lift entire houses – and these houses, unfortunately,
won’t land safely in Oz. The odds are that you’d end up becoming
debris no matter what. If this didn’t kill you, you’d definitely
be at risk of some grisly and permanent injuries. A devastating tornado that struck Oklahoma
in May 1999 caused numerous head and brain injuries. Injuries from a tornado in the same area in
2013 included broken bones, impalements, and “degloving” incidents, where the skin
is peeled away from the tissue. In 2011, a tornado in Joplin, Missouri took
the lives of 161 people, and left many more wounded; the most insidious injuries weren’t
picked up until weeks later, when people began to come down with a rare fungal infection
caused by flying wood splinters infecting their wounds. Winds may be calmer inside the centre of the
tornado, but to get to that point you’ll have to contend with all these hazards – and
if you don’t get tossed, you’ll have the same problems on the way back out. But has anyone ever been lucky enough to see
the inside of a tornado and live to tell the tale? In the US, there are two men who had this
privilege, Will Keller and Roy Hall. Despite happening around 20 years apart, both
of these accounts are very similar. Both Keller and Hall were farmers who sought
refuge from tornadoes in Kansas and Texas respectively, sending their families to safety
while they stayed to watch the twister approach. (Which, by the way, you should absolutely
not do!) Inside the main funnel, the cloud walls are
purportedly very smooth, the interior full of small, miniature-twisters that break off
and dissipate. And if you’re wondering how they were both
able to see all these details so clearly, it’s because the tornado was lit up by lightning
produced by the same storm cloud, bathing everything in an unusual, bluish hue. They also reported struggling to breathe while
they were inside, as well as a considerable drop in temperature. Both men and their families miraculously survived,
and while Hall’s home had the roof torn off, Keller’s tornado missed his house completely,
instead destroying his neighbours’ farm. Keller and Hall were extremely lucky to witness
a tornado so close-up and survive. There are plenty of real-life storm-chasers
out there who dedicate their lives to tracking down and studying tornadoes. Though this sounds exciting, even the best
storm-chasers can find themselves in danger. In 2013, veteran chaser Tim Samaras, together
with his son and colleague, died during a chase; they were working on an experiment
to develop better tornado-monitoring devices. Their vehicle was picked up and flipped by
the strong winds. This most likely happened because Samaras
and his team didn’t have the right equipment to receive live updates of the tornado on
its path, instead having to rely on their eyes. Reed Timmer, who starred in “Storm Chasers”,
has also found himself too close for comfort with the tornadoes he follows. In a 2009 tornado in Nebraska, the team’s
specially modified SUV had the driver’s side window blown out by a tornado with winds
speeds of 138 miles per hour. When you’re actually in the tornado though,
a few things happen. For a start, the air pressure is considerably
lower, so much so that it’s actually lower than the pressure in what mountaineers call
the “death zone”. The “death zone” occurs at altitudes higher
than 26,000 feet, and is so named because it’s the point at which breathing apparatus
is necessary. It also gets much colder, sometimes as much
as 60 degrees Fahrenheit colder than the temperature outside. The good news is that the tornado moves so
fast that you probably wouldn’t be at risk of suffocation or freezing to death, unless
you really were trapped inside it. If you were trapped inside without getting
killed by debris, you may be at risk of suffocation inside the vortex. If that didn’t kill you, you’d eventually
be dropped or thrown when the tornado moves on. It’s speculated that tornadoes are responsible
for “raining animals” phenomena, with waterspouts – which are identical to tornadoes
other than the fact they’re over water – picking up fish and frogs and dumping them far away. It even once rained spiders in Australia. If you’re lucky enough not to get flung
away by the wind or struck by flying debris, you would still have a high chance of suffocating
in the “death zone” of the twister’s funnel. And that’s what would happen if you were
trapped inside a tornado. What do you think? Is there anything we missed? Let us know in the comments, check out these
other clips from Unveiled, and make sure you subscribe and ring the bell for our latest

19 thoughts on “What Happens Inside a Tornado? | Unveiled


  2. Today's fact: If you subscribe to Trap Town NCY, you've already got hacked. Please BEWARE of that person because he/she is spamming everywhere. The internet is a dangerous place and is being invaded by scammers like Trap Town.

  3. If I'm trapped inside a Tornado
    then I can finally achieve a Duck's dream of finally being able to fly

  4. I have a fun fact about tornadoes too:

    Tornadoes are really windy

  5. Well, avoid any objects, these may include, witch on a broomstick, a lady on a bike, a farmhouse, animals, people in boats and a whole load of other things.

  6. The movie Twister was my favorite movie when I was really young. It made me want to become a storm chaser when I grew up. But then learning that tornados aren't native to California crushed my little 5 year old heart and dreams.

  7. So let me get this straight: you're saying I definitely SHOULDN'T try to get trapped inside a tornado? And that it's actually extremely DANGEROUS?! If only I had known! I could've taken that into account before I decided to get right in the middle of the massive tornado currently swirling around me with no sign of dissipating anytime soon. And here's me thinking that the worst inconvenience I could possibly encounter is the spotty WiFi! Boy, is my face red! Although, that probably has less to do with any perceived embarrassment on my part, and more to do with the fact that the skin has been completely ripped off of my skull…whoops.

  8. Are heading for disaster? We've got you a playlist to find out… —> https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2925qk0Dbgg&list=PLfq8kkw599aDFQWU2v67lWkumu895X_SV

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