So this is a briefing is intended to introduce Wind River to our aerospace and defense technologies. So we’re going to cover a number of items in the agenda, have a look at challenges in the industry. Look at what it means by the future is software defined, have a look at some enabling technologies we see in the commercial world and then take a look at Wind River solutions and customer successes and then we’ll finish off with a discussion on on your where you’re going. So today’s challenge is really based around the fact that most of the functionality in systems is based around software. Software is in fact if you like the brains behind a lot of defense systems and the high cost of software design, development. sustainment retrofit and upgrade is really one of the key factors and costs in defense projects. And there’s a couple of charts here that show you know reports on How, in this case airborne software has increasing complexity and is a major factor in the development process and costs associated with programs. And also that reliance on software is increasing as we think about more software defined systems as
introducing things like Artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies and autonomous systems that are really heavily dependent on software. And added to that we have this challenge of cyber security that adds to that process. So the lengthy and costly certification processes we have to go through with software really drive the cost within systems dependent on software. So, What when we say the future of software defined really breaks down into a number of areas, you know, the highest level, really, is that digital transformation. And digital transformation really covers a number of different factors not just software but really moving the entire life cycle process for programs into the digital world. And that includes a number of different things, ranging from how you develop software, how you manage software through the life cycle, how you deploy software, how you test systems based on says things like digital twins, how you introduce new technology like AI and machine learning. So that digital transformation aspect covers a whole host of different capabilities that systems are moving towards. And in order to implement a lot of those things, we’re seeing a huge move towards open architecture systems. In past systems, each functionality or functional unit would be developed as a standalone system. And as a standalone system, it would be maintained throughout its life cycle and upgraded when needed. But really, that that that’s not an affordable solution. So the move to open architectures really allows us to have more open systems based on standards. This gives us a much more affordable software architecture that allows us to deploy applications developed with things like DevSecOps, you know, heterogeneous systems, Based on common COTS hardware platforms. And of course on top of all of those nice things that we’re looking at, we have to think about safety and security. Now what safety regulations do we have to follow for for systems in the field, how do we introduce new technology like AI and machine learning into… into that area where it hasn’t been pushed before, and make sure that it’s still safe? How do we then secure the systems to make sure that we’re following a proper security assurance culture, and building security into the entire system from start to finish? And of course, these are all lifecycle issues we have to manage that throughout the life cycle of the system. So we can’t assume that an old system is going to be easily destroyed and the the software content removed correctly. We have to think about how that’s done in in the correct manner. And so you’re really building in security from the design phase, all the way to the the End of life phase of systems. So adding to that in the commercial world, we have a number of enabling technologies in different areas. So if we think about digital transformation with… with very much within the commercial and moving to software as a system for software as a service. And this really is a distributed way or distributed model of software deployment, rather than having an application built specifically on a platform, it’s actually stored in the cloud and run as a service, typically through a web browser, something like this. So that’s really a different deployment method to what we used to within the aerospace industry and it makes it much easier to deploy applications in a very rapid innovative way. Added to that, we’ve got new technologies such as 5G and multi core processor GPU, GPU… 5G really starting to roll out in the commercial world. Not just increasing the bandwidth that systems but enabling new revenue streams and new ways of doing things, where… Where we previously maybe had the you know the cell network restricted just to, you know, the capabilities of cell phones but now we can make use of it for doing all sorts of… Other new applications with a it has, it has a low latency compute option, which means we can use it in some controlled and sensor applications. And multi-core processors really give us the performance and isolation we need to host a lot of these new technologies and new applications… on target systems. And of course GPU GPU and AI processes for getting us the performance capability to bring AI and machine learning to our target systems. Open architecture is really driving this move within the defense industry, so if we think of architectures like MOSA or FACE. These really give us a framework for building systems that meet the requirements of next generation systems. Providing standards based API’s for applications, providing virtualization, so that we can isolate from a security and a safety point of view… And learning from other industries where this has been achieved such as automotive with technologies such as AUTOSAR. And then finally, safety and security, the ability to have mixed mixed criticality systems within aviation has already been tried and tested over the last 10 years. And migrating that and adding the security risk framework approaches gives us, you know, concepts on how we can… You know, enable safety and security of these modern systems. And implement some really interesting features like predict predictive maintenance and other… nice technologies. So, That brings us to an introduction to Wind River. We were founded in 1981, as an embedded tools and operating system company. But really, now we’re, we’re the embedded industry leader with something like 40% market share within the embedded software. Billions of devices running our technology across different industries, and over 1200 employees. Specifically in aerospace and defense, We have over 600 customers worldwide, and we’ve been folded multiple programs including over 550 safety certification projects. And these really operate across space, air, land, maritime and cyber domains. More recently, we’ve acquired Star Lab. And Star Lab are instrumental in securing the Linux based systems within the aerospace and defense area, and we’ll talk a little bit more about their technology. But again, this shows our commitment to the aerospace and defense world by expanding into… Secure, anti temporary type areas with Star Lab. In terms of companies that use when rather technology, we are used by all of the the top aerospace and defense companies worldwide. These companies trust Wind River. You can see customer videos and testimonials on our website, on YouTube and it covers that covers the whole remit from commercial aerospace through the defense companies worldwide. Following open architectures and standards is critical in this industry and this chart shows some of the certifications that we have achieved with our technology. On the on the top row here we see type certificates and supplemental types of tickets of aircraft that are flying with our operating systems, both as single use VxWorks and virtualized versions running ARINC 653 Standard. And the top right is actually showing you the FACE performance certificate that we’ve just achieved for our Helix Virtualization Platform. This is conforming to FACE Technical Standard 3.0 At the bottom, you see the recent achievement of being certified are the VxWorks operating system to the POSIX PSE 52 real time controller standard. again supporting open standards, open architectures is key in achieving affordability, in the long term. And also we’re, we’ve won many awards across the industry with our product lines. And this is just showing a quick snapshot of some of the awards we’ve won recently, things like the Military and Aerospace Platinum Award. From the VxWorks 653 product, but also all sorts of other awards from different… vendors showing… the success of our products such as our Linux Award for Fierce Innovation in Telecom and other awards at different shows. And our product portfolio is mapped to… what I talked about earlier, covering operating environments virtualized systems on the edge and then lifecycle development tools. So starting at the bottom you can see out the VxWorks and VxWorks 653 operating systems. These have been safety certified and deployed in, you know, not only… ground, maritime systems but airborne systems where a safety certification requirement is required is needed. And then our Wind River Linux product line… supports open source development on Linux. It’s based on the standard Yocto deployment. We provide full services to provide both security shield and custom developments of Linux for… safe deployments. On the Virtualized Edge, we then have the Helix Virtualization Platform providing static or dynamic mixed criticality systems. Based on VxWorks core this allows us to virtualize environments and also have mixed criticality including DO-178C Level A applications running that. And that’s the platform I mentioned earlier is conferment with a FACE standard. On the cloud scale side we have Wind River Cloud Platform that supports the variety of open standards and open architectures, including Docker, Ceph, and Kubernetes. And the life cycle development tools we have a Workbench environment and compilers that allow us to do program development on deployment on different platforms. And Simics simulation tool which really provides the capability of having digital twins or automated testing within an agile or DevSecOps environment within the embedded space, very powerful tool that allows us to… test and run things like cyber-security, functionality, and safety functionality, before we deploy our systems. And Edge Sync comes from our automotive experience allowing us to do software over the air, firmware over the air updates and managing of deployed systems within the field. On the left hand side, we see the new products from Star Lab, which include… Both the boot capability to make sure we have a secure boot, security hardened hypervisors, and then cyber security tools and and components for runtime deployment of Linux systems. Give an idea of some of our customers… This is… Collins Aerospace. Collins Aerospace wanted to move away from… their traditional single core platform into a multi core system… and… by doing that, you know, evolve that business model so that they can easily insert new… applications within their environment, whilst at the same time, supporting that legacy IP that they’ve already developed over the years. And deployed on systems, giving them a nice platform for growth. Now, of course, the challenges they faced around… how you provide a platform that reduces that safety certification risk, migrating legacy applications forward and supporting standards… was really what they’re looking for. And so they they look to a solution from Wind River that allowed them to consolidate… mixed criticality systems, and still conform to industry standards such as ARINC 653, POSIX and FACE. And this provided a nice platform for them to, you know, to upgrade to the next generation systems. And again, that’s a nice videos you can see on YouTube… that show this. Another example, there’s Northrop Grumman looking at cockpit digitization program. Here again, they were trying to protect… the long term investment for multiple platforms in this environment, following the FACE technical standard. And at the same time, achieve DO-178C certification. So again, this is trying to consolidate avionics on a multi core hardware platform. Giving them, you know, maximum performance and lower lifecycle costs. And the real challenge with following the, you know, the government initiatives around the FACE technical standard in the ways to manage these life cycle costs. Again, they turned to Wind River… to use our VxWorks 653 platform… removing that risk of conforming to the FACE standard and also having a proven path to certification. On the commercial side, a good example is Airbus Helicopters Helionix platform. This is running with VxWorks 653. The concept here was moving towards a standardized avionics platform that could run across multiple helicopter lines. Such as, you know, the, the smaller helicopter shown here or maybe through medium and large helicopters. So they wanted to consolidate multiple systems. Into a single IMA platform and have that consistent across their entire line. And the solution really was around a platform that supported IMA and ARINC 653 to provide that… consolidation mechanism using a industry standard software platform. and then take that through the certification process for commercial use. Finally, an example of Simics. This is General Dynamics for the Fermi Gamma Ray Space Telescope. Again building space equipment tends to be very, very expensive and the amount of hardware available for testing is very, very limited. So trying to test all the space flight software is very expensive and… and difficult for, to complete without, you know, flying the system. So Simics was used as a full system simulator that provides access to every engineer… within the team, giving them a full software development and testing environment. So actually, I can run the binary code that’s going to fly in the final system in a test environment, run it through… all of the test processes and make sure that it’s thoroughly tested before fly. This also allows the operator to see how the software would be running on the final system and do operator training prior to launching the system, which gives great benefits and advantages to… to this project. So there’s a whole host of other example success stories. You can see these on our website, with videos and customer stories that show different applications, whether it’s, for instance, the, you know, experimental, you know, Project Zero shown in the bottom right here, which is an… all electric unmanned vehicle looking at new technology for the next generation of aviation systems, or the NASA Robonaut shown in the middle. Or the Boeing 787 in the center here, which is flying with VxWorks 653 as the Common Core platform supporting multiple applications at different safety levels. Or deep space missions like the Mars Pathfinder, shown on the right here. There’s a whole host of different systems that align on Wind River and our technology, for current and future systems. So really, that brings us to the final slide. And that opens up the discussion to see where you see your organization moving in the future and how you might… we might be able to work together to figure out how we can enhance our partnership.